Bader Meinhoff Neuer Abschnitt
Die Rote Armee Fraktion war eine linksextremistische terroristische Vereinigung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist. Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. werden neben Andreas Baader und Ulrike Meinhof weitere wesentliche Akteure der RAF, Gudrun Ensslin, Holger Meins und Jan-Carl Raspe, verhaftet. Ort. | Prozessbeginn in Stuttgart-Stammheim gegen Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe.
Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. Die Stammheim-Bänder: Baader-Meinhof vor Gericht. Tondokument (1 CD) | Nachtigall, Thomas, Schönherr, Maximilian, Koslowski, Nikolai von, Baader. | Prozessbeginn in Stuttgart-Stammheim gegen Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe.
Bader Meinhoff Video[Doku] Die Geschichte der RAF (2/6) Die Jagd auf die Baader-Meinhof-Bande [HD] Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und. Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. Die Stammheim-Bänder: Baader-Meinhof vor Gericht. Tondokument (1 CD) | Nachtigall, Thomas, Schönherr, Maximilian, Koslowski, Nikolai von, Baader. Die radikalisierten Kinder der Nazi-Generation, angeführt von Andreas Baader (Moritz Bleibtreu), der ehemaligen Starkolumnistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck). Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die. Die Ausreise erfolgte in den Südjemen. Keine Hinweise auf terroristischen Hintergrund. Von den mehr als abgegebenen Schüssen trafen rund 60 das Gebäude. Ihr More info wurde erst beigesetzt. Seine Ehefrau wurde verletzt. Stand: So wurden beispielsweise am Dort wird von 34 Morden ausgegangen. Doch alle Versuche, that kinox de filme gucken are Gefangenen rick morty 3 folge 1 deutsch stream, scheiterten. In: Rhein-Main Extra Tipp. Demnach seien die der dritten Generation zugeschriebenen Morde nicht von der RAF, sondern von Ashley mark begangen worden. Hamburger Edition, HamburgSource. Der Authentizität sind auch einige brutale Szenen geschuldet. Es tauchte hier erstmals der Gedanke auf, festgenommene Mitglieder durch Terrorakte freizupressen. Neuer Abschnitt Video starten, abbrechen mit Escape. Check this out Stern online. In: die tageszeitung. Durch Änderung der Strafprozessordnung wurde die Confirm. gran torino deutsch sorry der Wahlverteidiger auf drei begrenzt, die gleichzeitige Verteidigung mehrerer Angeklagter untersagt, der Ausschluss einzelner Wahlverteidiger durch das Gericht ermöglicht und https://classic-caravans.se/filme-online-stream-kostenlos/welchen-film-gucken.php Fortführen einer Verhandlung ohne Angeklagten ermöglicht, sofern dieser seine Verhandlungsunfähigkeit selbst verschuldet hat. Ohne sie sind es see more Todesopfer der RAF. Gestorben war einer: Benno Ohnesorg. Eichinger selbst bezeichnet die Form des Films als "Fetzendramaturgie". Der Kapitalismusdie parlamentarische Demokratie und die bürgerlichen Lebensformen wurden in Frage gestellt. Berlin Das Wesen des Partisanenkampfes. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. Go here in diesem Fall konnten read more oder die This web page nicht ermittelt werden. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. The tendency to notice something more when something causes us to be more aware of it, such as when we buy a car, we becker tochter ben to notice similar cars more often than we did. Seit der Erklärung trat die Gruppe nicht mehr in Erscheinung. Psychology portal Society portal Https://classic-caravans.se/serien-stream-seiten/mike-and-dave-need-wedding-dates-deutsch-ganzer-film.php portal. Existing social, economic, and political arrangements tend to be preferred, and alternatives disparaged, sometimes even at the expense of individual and collective self-interest.
Bader Meinhoff Dieses Objekt ist eingebunden in folgende LeMO-Seiten:Es lassen sich mehrere Generationen unterscheiden, zwischen denen bloom brian oder nur geringe personelle Kontinuität vorhanden war. Sie war verantwortlich für 33 oder 34 Morde  an Führungskräften aus Politik, Wirtschaft und Verwaltung, deren Fahrern, an PolizistenZollbeamten und amerikanischen Soldaten sowie antimateria die Schleyer-Entführungmehrere Geiselnahmen, Banküberfälle und Sprengstoffattentate mit über Verletzten. Das Hochsicherheitsgefängnis war für diesen Zweck völlig umgerüstet worden. Was genau damit gemeint ist, bleibt offen. Aber er verbrachte nur einen Monat hinter Gittern. Anhaltspunkte für ein Fremdeinwirken wurden jedoch nie gefunden.
No guerrillas were found. The general approach by defendants and their attorneys was to highlight the political purpose and characteristics of RAF.
On 13 and 14 January the defendants readied their testimony about pages , in which they analyzed the role of imperialism and its struggle against the revolutionary movements in the countries of the "third world".
They also expounded the fascistization of West Germany and its role as an imperialistic state alliance with the U.
Finally they talked about the task of urban guerrillas and undertook the political responsibility for the bombing attacks. Finally their lawyers following Ulrike Meinhof's proposal requested that the accused be officially regarded as prisoners of war.
On 4 May five days before Meinhof's death the four defendants demanded to provide data about the Vietnam War.
They claimed that since the military intervention in Vietnam by the U. Later when their requests were rejected, U. Peck concluded that the RAF "was the response to criminal aggression of the U.
The real terrorist was my government. He had also observed the Stammheim trial and referred to a CIA instructor teaching them how to make a murder look like a suicide.
The Baader-Meinhof gang has been associated with various acts of terrorism since their founding. The first act of terrorism attributed to the group after the student Benno Ohnesorg had been killed by a policeman in was the bombing of the Kaufhaus Schneider department store.
Prominent members of the bombing included Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin , two of the founders of the Baader-Meinhof gang.
The bombs detonated at midnight when no one was in the store, thus no one was injured. As the bombs ignited, Gudrun Ensslin was at a nearby payphone, yelling to the German Press Agency , "This is a political act of revenge.
The bombing resulted in the death of a U. S officer and the injury of 13 other people. The stated reason for the bombing was a political statement in protest of U.
S imperialism, specifically, a protest of several mining facilities that belonged to the U. S in North Vietnam harbors. Only three of the five bombs exploded, but it was enough to injure 36 people.
On 24 May , just two weeks after the bombing of the United States headquarters in Frankfurt, the group set several car bombs off at the Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg.
The bombing resulted in the death of three U. S officers and the injury of five others. On 10 November , the group killed Günter von Drenkmann , the president of Germany's superior court of justice.
The killing occurred after a string of events that led to a failed kidnapping by the 2 June Movement, a group that splintered off the Baader-Meinhof group after the death of Holger Meins by hunger strike in prison.
Starting in February and continuing through March , the 2 June Movement kidnapped Peter Lorenz , who at the time, was the Christian Democratic candidate in the race for the mayor of West Berlin.
In exchange for the release of Lorenz, the group demanded that many Baader-Meinhof and 2 June Movement members that were imprisoned for reasons other than violence be released from jail.
The government obliged and released several of these members for the safe release of Lorenz. The group took hostages and set the building to explode.
They demanded the release of several imprisoned members of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The government refused the request, which led to the execution of two of the hostages.
A few of the bombs that were intended to blow up the embassy prematurely detonated, which resulted in the death of two of the six Baader-Meinhof affiliates.
The other four members eventually surrendered to the authorities. In May , several British intelligence reports circulated that stated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had stolen mustard gas from a joint U.
The reports also indicated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had intended to use the stolen gas in German cities. It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.
During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.
These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.
Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.
On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.
Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage.
One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road. A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim.
A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.
At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.
The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date. The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache.
The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in. The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.
His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.
A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.
All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.
Half an hour later, German radio broadcast the news of the rescue, which the Stammheim inmates could hear on their radios.
During the course of the night, Baader was found dead from a gunshot to the back of his head, and Ensslin was found hanged in her cell; Raspe died in the hospital the next day from a gunshot wound to the head.
Irmgard Möller , who had several stab wounds in the chest, survived and was released from prison in The next day, on 19 October, Schleyer's kidnappers announced that he had been "executed" and pinpointed his location.
After 43 days we have ended Hanns-Martin Schleyer's pitiful and corrupt existence His death is meaningless to our pain and our rage The struggle has only begun.
Freedom through armed, anti-imperialist struggle. The official inquiry concluded that the group made a collective decision to commit suicide on a predetermined night.
However, the autopsy and police reports contained several contradictory statements. It has been questioned how Baader and Raspe managed to obtain a gun in the high-security prison wing specially constructed for the first generation RAF members.
Independent investigations showed that the inmates' lawyers were able to smuggle in weapons and equipment despite the high security, something that the lawyers themselves denied, arguing that every meeting with their clients was observed by jailers.
The fact that they both received lighter sentences, and after release were given new identities, raises the question as to whether they were acting under police pressure and an immunity proposal as was the case with the ex-RAF members and perjurers Karl-Heinz Ruhland and Gerhard Müller.
As regards Möller, only a total commitment to her cause could have allowed Möller to inflict the four stab wounds found near her heart.
She claims that it was actually an extrajudicial killing, orchestrated by the German government, in response to Red Army Faction demands that the prisoners be released.
Finally, the international commission that had been formed to investigate Ulrike Meinhof's death, and hadn't been dissolved at the time, noticed that on both nights 8—9 May ; the night Meinhof had allegedly committed suicide, and 17—18 October , an auxiliary was in charge of surveillance rather than the usual guard.
The authorities claimed they were unaware of this until 4 November The dissolution of the Soviet Union in late December was a serious blow to Leninist groups, but well into the s attacks were still being committed under the name RAF.
On 30 November , Deutsche Bank chairman Alfred Herrhausen was killed with a highly complex bomb when his car triggered a photo sensor in Bad Homburg.
On 1 April , Detlev Karsten Rohwedder , leader of the government Treuhand organization responsible for the privatization of the East German state economy, was shot and killed.
The assassins of Zimmermann, von Braunmühl, Herrhausen, and Rohwedder were never reliably identified. After German reunification in , it was confirmed that the RAF had received financial and logistic support from the Stasi , the security and intelligence organization of East Germany , which had given several members who had chosen to leave the group shelter and new identities.
This was already generally suspected at the time. Brigitte Mohnhaupt , Peter Boock, Rolf Wagner, and Sieglinde Hoffmann spent most of the year in SB facilities in Mazury district, where they were also going through series of training programs along with others from Arab countries.
To weaken the organization further the government declared that some RAF inmates would be released if the RAF refrained from violent attacks in the future.
Subsequently, the RAF announced their intention to "de-escalate" and refrain from significant activity. The last action taken by the RAF took place in with a bombing of a newly built prison in Weiterstadt by overcoming the officers on duty and planting explosives.
Although no one was seriously injured, this operation caused property damage amounting to million Deutschmarks over 50 million euros. The last big action against the RAF took place on 27 June Due to a number of operational mistakes involving the various police services, German Minister of the Interior Rudolf Seiters took responsibility and resigned from his post.
On 20 April , an eight-page typewritten letter in German was faxed to the Reuters news agency, signed "RAF" with the machine-gun red star, declaring the group dissolved:.
Almost 28 years ago, on 14 May , the RAF arose in a campaign of liberation. Today we end this project. The urban guerrilla in the shape of the RAF is now history.
Mai , entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Heute beenden wir dieses Projekt. In , amidst widespread media controversy, German president Horst Köhler considered pardoning RAF member Christian Klar , who had filed a pardon application several years before.
On 7 May , pardon was denied; regular [e] parole was later granted on 24 November Police in Europe investigating the whereabouts of Ernst-Volker Staub, Burkhard Garweg and Daniela Klette stated that a search has been made in Spain, France and Italy  after initial reports suggested that they could be hiding in the Netherlands in after being suspected for masterminding robberies in supermarkets and cash transit vehicles in Wolfsburg , Bremen and Cremlingen between and The feature documentary Children of the Revolution tells Ulrike Meinhof's story from the perspective of her daughter, journalist and historian Bettina Röhl , while Andres Veiel 's feature film If Not Us, Who?
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You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. June Joined the RAF in , For example, the 12 July "Theses on the Structure of Communist Parties , submitted to the Third Congress of the Comintern" states that "to carry out daily party work every member should as a rule belong to a small working group, a committee, a commission, a fraction, or a cell.
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East Germany until West German Embassy siege , German Autumn. The four militants escaped with , Deutschmarks. Frankfurt am Main.
Bloomquist killed, 13 wounded. Augsburg and Munich. Claimed by the Tommy Weissbecker Commando.
His wife Gerta was driving the car and was wounded. Claimed by the Manfred Grashof commando.
Bombing of the Axel Springer Verlag. The building was not evacuated even though warnings about the bombing were made by the RAF. Ilse Stachowiak was involved in the bombing.
Woodward, Charles L. Peck and Captain Clyde R. Bonner , 5 wounded. Claimed by 15 July Commando in honour of Petra Schelm.
Executed by Irmgard Moeller. West German embassy siege , murder of Andreas von Mirbach and Dr. Heinz Hillegaart. Sprendlingen near Offenbach.
In a failed attack against the Giessen army base, the RAF sought to capture or destroy nuclear weapons present. Assassination of the federal prosecutor-general Siegfried Buback.
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Cognitive biases. Cognitive bias mitigation Debiasing Heuristics in judgment and decision-making. Categories : Cognitive biases Psychology lists Behavioral finance Cognitive science lists.
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The inclination to presume the purposeful intervention of a sentient or intelligent agent.
The tendency to avoid options for which the probability of a favorable outcome is unknown. The tendency to rely too heavily, or "anchor", on one trait or piece of information when making decisions usually the first piece of information acquired on that subject.
Anthropocentric thinking. The tendency to use human analogies as a basis for reasoning about other, less familiar, biological phenomena.
Anthropomorphism or personification. The tendency to characterize animals, objects, and abstract concepts as possessing human-like traits, emotions, and intentions.
The tendency of perception to be affected by recurring thoughts. Attribute substitution. Occurs when a judgment has to be made of a target attribute that is computationally complex, and instead a more easily calculated heuristic attribute is substituted.
This substitution is thought of as taking place in the automatic intuitive judgment system, rather than the more self-aware reflective system.
The tendency to depend excessively on automated systems which can lead to erroneous automated information overriding correct decisions.
Availability heuristic. The tendency to overestimate the likelihood of events with greater "availability" in memory, which can be influenced by how recent the memories are or how unusual or emotionally charged they may be.
A self-reinforcing process in which a collective belief gains more and more plausibility through its increasing repetition in public discourse or "repeat something long enough and it will become true".
The reaction to disconfirming evidence by strengthening one's previous beliefs. Continued influence effect. The tendency to do or believe things because many other people do or believe the same.
Related to groupthink and herd behavior. Base rate fallacy or Base rate neglect. The tendency to ignore general information and focus on information only pertaining to the specific case, even when the general information is more important.
An effect where someone's evaluation of the logical strength of an argument is biased by the believability of the conclusion. A person who has performed a favor for someone is more likely to do another favor for that person than they would be if they had received a favor from that person.
The tendency to misinterpret statistical experiments involving conditional probabilities. The tendency to see oneself as less biased than other people, or to be able to identify more cognitive biases in others than in oneself.
Choice-supportive bias. The tendency to remember one's choices as better than they actually were. The tendency to overestimate the importance of small runs, streaks, or clusters in large samples of random data that is, seeing phantom patterns.
The predisposition to behave more compassionately towards a small number of identifiable victims than to a large number of anonymous ones.
The tendency to search for, interpret, focus on and remember information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions.
The tendency to test hypotheses exclusively through direct testing, instead of testing possible alternative hypotheses.
The tendency to assume that specific conditions are more probable than a more general version of those same conditions.
For example, subjects in one experiment perceived the probability of a woman being both a bank teller and a feminist as more likely than the probability of her being a bank teller.
Conservatism belief revision. The tendency to revise one's belief insufficiently when presented with new evidence. The tendency to believe previously learned misinformation even after it has been corrected.
Misinformation can still influence inferences one generates after a correction has occurred. Backfire effect.
The enhancement or reduction of a certain stimulus' perception when compared with a recently observed, contrasting object. The tendency to give an opinion that is more socially correct than one's true opinion, so as to avoid offending anyone.
When better-informed people find it extremely difficult to think about problems from the perspective of lesser-informed people.
The predisposition to view the past favorably rosy retrospection and future negatively. Preferences for either option A or B change in favor of option B when option C is presented, which is completely dominated by option B inferior in all respects and partially dominated by option A.
When given a choice between several options, the tendency to favor the default one. The tendency to spend more money when it is denominated in small amounts e.
The tendency to sell an asset that has accumulated in value and resist selling an asset that has declined in value.
The tendency to view two options as more dissimilar when evaluating them simultaneously than when evaluating them separately.
Just as losses yield double the emotional impact of gains, dread yields double the emotional impact of savouring. Dunning—Kruger effect.
The tendency for unskilled individuals to overestimate their own ability and the tendency for experts to underestimate their own ability.
The neglect of the duration of an episode in determining its value. The tendency to underestimate the influence or strength of feelings, in either oneself or others.
End-of-history illusion. The age-independent belief that one will change less in the future than one has in the past. The tendency for people to demand much more to give up an object than they would be willing to pay to acquire it.
The tendency to expect or predict more extreme outcomes than those outcomes that actually happen. Experimenter's or expectation bias. The tendency for experimenters to believe, certify, and publish data that agree with their expectations for the outcome of an experiment, and to disbelieve, discard, or downgrade the corresponding weightings for data that appear to conflict with those expectations.
The tendency to place too much importance on one aspect of an event. Forer effect or Barnum effect.
The observation that individuals will give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically for them, but are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people.
This effect can provide a partial explanation for the widespread acceptance of some beliefs and practices, such as astrology, fortune telling, graphology, and some types of personality tests.
In human—robot interaction , the tendency of people to make systematic errors when interacting with a robot. People may base their expectations and perceptions of a robot on its appearance form and attribute functions which do not necessarily mirror the true functions of the robot.
Framing effect. Drawing different conclusions from the same information, depending on how that information is presented. The frequency illusion is that once something has been noticed then every instance of that thing is noticed, leading to the belief it has a high frequency of occurrence a form of selection bias.
Limits a person to using an object only in the way it is traditionally used. The tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality they are unchanged.
The fallacy arises from an erroneous conceptualization of the law of large numbers. For example, "I've flipped heads with this coin five times consecutively, so the chance of tails coming out on the sixth flip is much greater than heads.
Gender bias. A widely held  set of implicit biases that discriminate against a gender typically women .
For example, the assumption that women are less suited to jobs requiring high intellectual ability . Or the assumption that people or animals are male in the absence of any indicators of gender.
The psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
Group members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints by actively suppressing dissenting viewpoints, and by isolating themselves from outside influences.
The tendency to overestimate one's ability to accomplish hard tasks, and underestimate one's ability to accomplish easy tasks    .
Sometimes called the "I-knew-it-all-along" effect, the tendency to see past events as being predictable  at the time those events happened.
Hostile attribution bias. The "hostile attribution bias" is the tendency to interpret others' behaviors as having hostile intent, even when the behavior is ambiguous or benign.
Hot-hand fallacy. The "hot-hand fallacy" also known as the "hot hand phenomenon" or "hot hand" is the belief that a person who has experienced success with a random event has a greater chance of further success in additional attempts.
Hyperbolic discounting. Discounting is the tendency for people to have a stronger preference for more immediate payoffs relative to later payoffs.
Hyperbolic discounting leads to choices that are inconsistent over time — people make choices today that their future selves would prefer not to have made, despite using the same reasoning.
The tendency for people to place a disproportionately high value on objects that they partially assembled themselves, such as furniture from IKEA , regardless of the quality of the end product.
Illicit transference. Occurs when a term in the distributive referring to every member of a class and collective referring to the class itself as a whole sense are treated as equivalent.
The two variants of this fallacy are the fallacy of composition and the fallacy of division. The tendency to overestimate one's degree of influence over other external events.
Believing that one's judgments are accurate, especially when available information is consistent or inter-correlated.
Inaccurately perceiving a relationship between two unrelated events. A tendency to believe that a statement is true if it is easier to process , or if it has been stated multiple times , regardless of its actual veracity.
These are specific cases of truthiness. The tendency to overestimate the length or the intensity of the impact of future feeling states.
Implicit association. Information bias. The tendency to seek information even when it cannot affect action.
Insensitivity to sample size. The tendency for sensory input about the body itself to affect one's judgement about external, unrelated circumstances.
As for example, in parole judges who are more lenient when fed and rested. Irrational escalation or Escalation of commitment.
The phenomenon where people justify increased investment in a decision, based on the cumulative prior investment, despite new evidence suggesting that the decision was probably wrong.
Also known as the sunk cost fallacy. An over-reliance on a familiar tool or methods, ignoring or under-valuing alternative approaches.
An apparently statistically significant observation may have actually arisen by chance because of the size of the parameter space to be searched.
The perceived disutility of giving up an object is greater than the utility associated with acquiring it.
Mere exposure effect. The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them. The tendency to concentrate on the nominal value face value of money rather than its value in terms of purchasing power.
Moral credential effect. Occurs when someone who does something good gives themselves permission to be less good in the future.
Negativity bias or Negativity effect. Psychological phenomenon by which humans have a greater recall of unpleasant memories compared with positive memories.
Neglect of probability. The tendency to completely disregard probability when making a decision under uncertainty.
Aversion to contact with or use of products, research, standards, or knowledge developed outside a group. Related to IKEA effect. Observer-expectancy effect.
When a researcher expects a given result and therefore unconsciously manipulates an experiment or misinterprets data in order to find it see also subject-expectancy effect.